Melasma, a chronic blotchy brown facial pigmentation, can be embarrassing and distressing. However, with our Medlite Q- Switched laser in combination with skin lightening agents, chemical peels, and some general measures we can substantially lighten the discolouration, and improve your appearance. Melasma has a strong tenancy to return, so regular treatments and care is important. Some cases of Melasma are difficult to treat.
Melasma, sometimes called Chloasma, is much more common in women, and generally starts between the ages of 20-40, generally occurring people with naturally brown or well tanned skin. The pigmentation is from an overproduction of melanin by melanocytes, and the the pigment is absorbed by keratinocytes in the epidermis, and/or the dermis. If a family member has been affected it is more than likely to occur in other family members.
The known triggers of Melasma include UV Radiation, Pregnancy, Various Hormonal Treatments, ( Eg., Pill or HRT) Hypothyroidism, and certain soaps, medications and deodorants can trigger a phototoxic reaction causing long term Melasma.
Medlite Q-Switched Laser at regular intervals. This laser laser targets the extra melanin in the skin and shatters the pigment with incredibly fast pulses of light energy(1 billionth of a second) There is more of a mechanical effect to this, as against a heat affect, which is used by other lasers. The beauty of this, is that this is no significant down time after treatment.
A lightening agent ‘Kilgsman Formula’ a topical lotion will be given to you, and regular use of this lightens the skin over the areas where applied. This contains Hydroquinone 3%, which has been proven to decrease production of Melanin, Retin-A which stimulates the production of new healthy skin cells, and Hydrocortisone, which reduces any irritation and inflammation of the skin.
Chemical Peels, light in nature, will also be recommended, as these help to turn over the skin cells, and remove existing pigment.
Vitamin C Creams help to decrease the production of pigment as well as improve skin cell turnover.
- Cease all forms of hormonal medications.
- Year-round life-long sun protection with a high SPF factor 50+ is recommended.
- Cleansers and light moisturisers.
- Make up and Cosmetic Creams are invaluable disguising the pigment.