Bruxism is the medical term for unconscious teeth clenching or teeth grinding, which generally occurs while asleep,
Bruxism can lead to severe dental problems. Chronic teeth grinding can cause headaches, earaches, facial pain, but the bigger problem in the long term is that teeth are damaged. Dental problems from bruxism include lose of tooth enamel, increased tooth sensitivity, and flattening and/or chipping of the teeth. Bruxism sufferers often wake with a sore jaw. In the long term, the jaw muscle can lead to the appearance of a severe square jaw.
Doctors don’t completely understand the cause of Bruxism. But possible factors include emotions of tension, anger and stress, problems with teeth alignment, sleep apnoea, or a response to pain from elsewhere in the body. Occasionally it can be caused by some medicines.
An injection of a neurotoxin, prevents nerve fibers from releasing a chemical transmitter called acetylcholine. Acetylcholine causes muscles to contract. By blocking the release of this transmitter, the muscles stay relaxed. can provide tremendous relief from jaw soreness, headaches, and other unpleasant problems associated with Bruxism, and prevent the long term damage to your teeth. This treatment can also soften the appearance of the jaw line.
Injectables vs. Conventional Bruxism Treatments
Recently, Dermal fillers have proven to be an ideal treatment option for targeting and treating excessive muscle activity and spasticity. Anti-inflammatory medications do not deal with the source of the problem, and although dental devices, can successfully protect teeth from damage at night, they are ineffective in stopping the painful side effects of teeth grinding, and they too don’t address the source of the problem.
By injecting small doses directly into the masseter muscle (the large muscle that moves the jaw), the muscle is weakened enough to stop involuntary grinding of the teeth and clenching of the jaw. This significantly relaxes the muscle and reduces the wear and tear on the teeth due to grinding. Damage to the TMJ (temporomandibular joint) and headaches should be reduced or eliminated as well. Voluntary movements, such as chewing and facial expressions, are not effected at all.
Effectiveness of Injectable Treatments for Bruxism
Although neurotoxin injections are not a cure for bruxism, they can effectively control the uncomfortable symptoms better than a nightguard for some patients. Treatments are effective for 3-6 months.